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Net Zero Transport
Achieving Net Zero in the transport sector requires consideration of both heavy transport and commuter transport.
Heavy transport, such as long-distance road transport, shipping, and aviation, are considered ‘hard to abate’ sectors because of the fragmented industry structure, high cost of decarbonisation, and technological interventions not yet at scale.While full decarbonisation is technically feasible, further investment is required to reach commercial readiness without impacting the cost of end consumer products. Therefore, offsetting and other carbon removal technologies will likely be necessary in order to achieve net zero by 2050.
The electrification of road vehicles paired with decarbonization of the energy grid will eventually allow ground transport for business travel to achieve net zero without offsetting. However, there are many uncertainties surrounding when full electrification of transport and the decarbonization of a grid system will occur. Offsetting will be required if a desired net zero date falls before electrification and decarbonization.
Existing coordinated efforts to achieve net zero in the transport sector:
The Transport Decarbonisation Alliance has a mission to decarbonise transport by 2050: Outlining a path to net zero emission mobility by uniting Countries, Cities / Regions and Companies.
The Global Maritime Forum hosts a Getting to Zero Coalition aiming to accelerate maritime shipping's decarbonization with the development and deployment of commercially viable deep sea zero emission vessels by 2030.